The number contains the information necessary to identify uniquely the intended endpoint for the telephone call. Each such endpoint must have a unique number within the public switched telephone network. It is also possible for each subscriber to have a set of shorter numbers for the endpoints most often used.
These "shorthand" or "speed calling" numbers are automatically translated to unique telephone numbers before the call can be connected. Some special services have their own short numbers e. The dialing plan in some areas permits dialing numbers in the local calling area without using area code or city code prefixes. For example, a telephone number in North America consists of a three-digit area code, a three-digit central office code, and four digits for the line number.
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If the area has no area code overlays or if the provider allows it, seven-digit dialing may be permissible for calls within the area, but some areas have implemented mandatory ten-digit dialing. Other special phone numbers are used for high-capacity numbers with several telephone circuits , typically a request line to a radio station where dozens or even hundreds of callers may be trying to call in at once, such as for a contest.
For each large metro area , all of these lines will share the same prefix such as xxxx in Atlanta and xxxx in Miami , the last digits typically corresponding to the station's frequency , callsign , or moniker. In the international telephone network, the format of telephone numbers is standardized by ITU-T recommendation E.
This code specifies that the entire number should be 15 digits or shorter, and begin with a country prefix. For most countries, this is followed by an area code or city code and the subscriber number, which might consist of the code for a particular telephone exchange. ITU-T recommendation E.
In the United States, each state's public service commission regulates, as does the Federal Communications Commission. In Canada, which shares the same country code with the U.
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Local number portability LNP allows a subscriber to request moving an existing telephone number to another telephone service provider. Number portability usually has geographic limitations, such as an existing local phone company only being able to port to a competitor within the same rate centre.
Mobile carriers may have much larger market areas, and can assign or accept numbers from any area within the region.
In many telephone administrations, cell phone telephone numbers are in organized in prefix ranges distinct from land line service, which simplifies mobile number portability , even between carriers. Within most North American rate centres, local wireline calls are free, while calls to all but a few nearby rate centres are considered long distance and incur toll fees.http://fizcom.olimpia.me/romeo-santos-frmula-golden-utopa-el-rey.php
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In a few large US cities, as well as many points outside North America, local calls are not flat-rated or "free" by default. In the late s, the Bell interests started utilizing their patent with a rental scheme, in which they would rent their instruments to individual users who would contract with other suppliers to connect them; for example from home to office to factory.
Western Union and the Bell company both soon realized that a subscription service would be more profitable, with the invention of the telephone switchboard or central office. Such an office was staffed by an operator who connected the calls by personal names. Some have argued that use of the telephone altered the physical layout of American cities.
The latter part of and the early part of saw the first use of telephone numbers at Lowell, Massachusetts. During an epidemic of measles, the physician, Dr. Moses Greeley Parker , feared that Lowell's four telephone operators might all succumb to sickness and bring about paralysis of telephone service. He recommended the use of numbers for calling Lowell's more than subscribers so that substitute operators might be more easily trained in such an emergency.
Even after the assignment of numbers, operators still connected most calls into the early 20th century: "Hello, Central. Get me Underwood In rural areas with magneto crank telephones connected to party lines , the local phone number consisted of the line number plus the ringing pattern of the subscriber. To dial a number such as "3R" meant making a request to the operator the third party line if making a call off your own local one , followed by turning the telephone's crank once, a short pause, then twice and twice again.
In the most areas of North America , telephone numbers in metropolitan communities consisted of a combination of digits and letters, starting in the s until the s. Letters were translated to dialed digits, a mapping that was displayed directly on the telephone dial. Each of the digits 2 to 9, and sometimes 0, corresponded to a group of typically three letters.
The leading two or three letters of a telephone number indicated the exchange name , for example, ED gewood and IV anhoe, and were followed by 5 or 4 digits.
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The limitations that these system presented in terms of usable names that were easy to distinguish and spell, and the need for a comprehensive numbering plan that enabled direct-distance dialing, led to the introduction of all-number dialing in the s. The use of numbers starting in KL ondike-5 to represent fictional numbers in U.
The "" prefix was reserved for telephone company use and was only consistently used for directory assistance information , being "—" for the local area. An attempt to dial a number from a movie in the real world will always result in an error message when dialed from a phone in the United States. Profile Join. Log in Join. This article contains a discussion by TripAdvisor members concerning the above topic.
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Please note that the discussion was closed to any additional postings as of Nov 1, and, as such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated and cannot be commented on by travelers at this time. Please take this into account when making your travel plans. General: The standard American telephone number is ten digits, such as Some numbers are reserved to provide a special use: is the standardized number for emergency services for example fire, police, and ambulance. Fees are now almost universally charged for calling Callers should be aware that hotels and motels often charge fees for calling an number and callers using cellular phones are charged for the "airtime" for the call following the same rate schedule as any other call.
Callers of "" numbers are being charged either by the call or by the minute at a rate established by the company setting up the service. Legally, companies setting up numbers are required to advise callers of the fee or 'per minute' rate for their call at the start of the phone call, with the caller being given the opportunity to end the call before the billing starts.
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Although originally intended as a method for companies to charge for informational services weather, travel information, etc. Note: These calls can be very expensive!! Cellular Mobile Phones: Cell phone service is very good in urban and suburban areas, as well as along most stretches of popular highways motorways. Calling Cards: Calling cards, which can be used for making long-distance or international calls at considerably lower rates than charged by a hotel, cellular phone company, or residential telephone service provider. TripAdvisor LLC is not responsible for content on external web sites.
Taxes, fees not included for deals content. However, it only provides a first name and no specific address — if you want to get more specific than that, you have to pay for information from PeopleFinders. Even then, there's no guarantee that the information is up to date. People-based search engines can find information not otherwise listed by traditional search engines. It's worth running a search for a name or phone number on pipl. Social media platforms such as Facebook often take their users' cell phone numbers as a means of verification and offer to list those numbers on user profiles.
Surprisingly, many social media users opt in to this — so if you're looking for a specific person's cell phone number, it might be listed on their Facebook profile. Give it a whirl and see if it's there. Brenna Swanston is a freelance writer, editor and journalist.